Hiroyuki Kobori,1 Yuri Ozawa,1 Ryousuke Satou,1 Akemi Katsurada,1 Kayoko Miyata,1 Naro Ohashi,1 Naoki Hase,1 Yuki Suzaki,1 Curt D. Sigmund,2 and L. Gabriel Navar1, Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2007 September; 293(3): F938–F945.
1 Department of Physiology, and Hypertension and Renal Center of Excellence, Tulane University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, Louisiana
2 Departments of Medicine and Physiology and Biophysics, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: H. Kobori, Tulane Univ. Health Sciences Center, 1430 Tulane Ave., #SL39, New Orleans, LA 70112-2699 (e-mail: email@example.com ).
This study was performed in transgenic mice to test the hypothesis that the selective intrarenal overproduction of ANG II increases intrarenal mouse (m) angiotensinogen (AGT) expression. We used the following three groups: 1) single transgenic mice (group A, n = 14) expressing human (h) AGT only in the kidney, 2) double-transgenic mice (group D, n = 13) expressing human renin systemically in addition to hAGT only in the kidney, and 3) wild-type (group W, n = 12) mice. Exogenous hAGT protein is inactive in group A because endogenous mouse renin cannot cleave hAGT to ANG I because of a high species specificity. All mice were monitored from 12 to 18 wk of age. Systolic blood pressure progressively increased from 116 ± 5 mmHg (12 wk) to 140 ± 7 (18 wk) in group D. This increase was not observed in groups A or W. Intrarenal hAGT levels were similar in groups A and D; however, hAGT was not detectable in kidneys of group W. Kidney ANG II levels were increased in group D (216 ± 43 fmol/g) compared with groups A (117 ± 16) and W (118 ± 17). However, plasma ANG II concentrations were similar among the three groups. Endogenous renal mAGT mRNA was increased significantly in group D (1.46 ± 0.19, ratio) compared with groups A (0.97 ± 0.12) and W (1.00 ± 0.08). Endogenous renal mAGT protein was also significantly increased in group D compared with groups A and W. Interstitial collagen-positive area, interstitial macrophage/monocyte infiltration, and afferent arteriolar wall thickness were increased significantly in group D compared with groups A and W. These data indicate for the first time that the selective stimulation of intrarenal production of ANG II from hAGT augments endogenous intrarenal mAGT mRNA and protein expression.
Keywords: hypertension, transgenic mouse, angiotensin II, renal injury