Standing out in the field of IgY Immunotechnology

  • Home
    Home A full collection of all the Research Archive entries.
  • Years
    Years Sort entries by year.
  • Tags
    Tags Displays a list of tags that have been used in the blog.
  • Archives
    Archives Contains a list of research entries that were created previously.

Increased estrogen receptor betacx expression during mammary carcinogenesis

Posted by on in 2005
  • Font size: Larger Smaller
  • Hits: 1472
  • Print

 Esslimani-Sahla M, Kramar A, Simony-Lafontaine J, Warner M, Gustafsson JA, Rochefort H.
Clin Cancer Res. 2005 May 1;11(9):3170-4.
Endocrinologie moleculaire et cellulaire des cancers (U540), Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Montpellier, France.

Abstract

Identification of proteins that markedly vary during early steps of mammary carcinogenesis may help to understand its pathophysiology and to develop a prevention strategy.

The expression of total estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta) protein and of its COOH-terminally spliced variant ERbetacx (or ERbeta2) was compared in 43 invasive breast cancers and in 39 adjacent normal mammary glands and 26 ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Thirty-six breast cancers were ER positive by radioligand binding assay. The analysis was done by immunohistochemistry on adjacent sections of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumors using polyclonal anti-ERbeta 503 IgY and sheep polyclonal ERbetacx antibodies that were previously validated.

Nuclear staining was quantified using a computerized image analyzer in selected areas of normal and cancer epithelial cells. Total ERbeta expression was high in normal glands, decreased in DCIS (P = 0.0004), and increased from DCIS to invasive tumors (P = 0.029). In contrast, the ERbetacx expression was low in normal glands, increased significantly in DCIS (P = 0.0014), and continued to increase in invasive carcinomas (P = 0.0027) in both ERalpha-positive and ERalpha-negative tumors.

This is the first study showing a significant increase of the ERbetacx variant protein in DCIS and invasive breast cancer compared with adjacent normal glands. This contrasts with the decrease of the total ERbeta level in the same patients and indicates different mechanisms to explain these variations during mammary carcinogenesis. It also suggests a role of the ERbetacx variant in carcinogenesis opposite to the protective effect of the wild-type ERbeta1.

Last modified on