Department of Parasitology, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, People's Republic of China; Department of Parasitology, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, People's Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Antibody Technology of the Ministry of Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, People's Republic of China; Institute of Schistosomiasis Control, Wuhan Center of Disease Control, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
Abstract. We have developed a novel egg yolk antibody (IgY)-coated magnetic beads antigen-capture immunoassay for detection of a circulating antigen of Schistosoma japonicum in serum samples of patients in schistosomiasis-endemic areas of China. This IgY-based immunomagnetic bead enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IgY-IMB-ELISA) uses polyclonal IgY-coated magnetic beads as a capture antibody, and a monoclonal IgG as a detection antibody. The sensitivity of the magnetic immunoassay was 100% (40 of 40) in cases of acute infection and 91.5% (107 of 117) in chronic cases of schistosomiasis, and no positive reaction was found in 0 of 49 healthy persons. Cross-reactivity was 3.3% (1 of 33) with clonorchiasis and 0% (0 of 20) with paragonimiasis. There was a significant correlation between ELISA absorbance value and egg count (eggs per gram feces) and a correlation coefficient of 0.88 in a small sample of 14 patients. The results demonstrated that the IgY-IMB-ELISA is a sensitive and specific assay for detection of human schistosomiasis japonica.