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Effects of immunisation against leptin on feed intake, weight gain, fat deposition and laying performance in chickens.

Posted by on in 2006
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Shi ZD, Shao XB, Chen N, Yu YC, Bi YZ, Liang SD, Williams JB, Taouis M.
Br Poult Sci. 2006 Feb;47(1):88-94.
Department of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China. ZDSHI@SCAU.EDU.CN


1.    Three experiments were conducted to study the effects of leptin on weight gain and body composition in laying hens. 2. The effects of immunisation against chicken leptin on feed intake (FI), fat deposition and laying rate were observed in laying Guangdong yellow-feathered hens. Ten hens were inoculated with leptin immunogen on d 3, 31, 63 and 84, together with 10 control hens immunised with bovine serum albumin (BSA). In the 100-d experiment, immunisation against leptin increased blood anti-leptin antibody titres, slightly reduced plasma T3 concentrations, slightly decreased FI and increased live weight; however, laying rate was significantly depressed and abdominal fat mass was increased by the end of the 100-d experiment. 3. Passive immunisation of 50-d-old pullets with yolk extract containing anti-leptin antibody IgY significantly increased FI within 6 h of treatment compared with physiological saline treated controls. 4. In growing 70-d-old pullets, inoculation with 0.5 (group 1) or 1 (group 2) ml leptin immunogen on d 1 and 28 of the experiment slightly increased FI and significantly increased daily gain compared with BSA-immunised control pullets. Abdominal fat mass on d 49 increased from 48+/-4.5 g in controls to 66+/-3.5 and 80+/-3.1 g in groups 1 and 2, respectively. 5. It was suggested that immunisation against leptin mimicked loss of leptin bioactivity and might become a novel technique to stimulate fat growth in certain types of animal production.

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