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Effect of bursal anti-steroidogenic peptide and immunoglobulin G on neonatal chicken B-lymphocyte proliferation.

Posted by on in 2003
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 Moore RW, Caldwell DY, Berghman LR, Caldwell DJ, McElroy AP, Byrd JA, Hargis BM Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2003 Mar 134:291-302


In attempts to identify antibodies for Bursal Anti-Steroidogenic Peptide (BASP), rabbit serum was observed to reduce phorbol ester-stimulated chicken B-lymphocyte proliferation comparable to BASP. These experiments investigated the effects of IgG on B-lymphocyte proliferation. In Experiment 1, 3% rabbit serum decreased B-lymphocyte proliferation. In Experiment 2, 2 mg/ml of intact rabbit IgG or 0.65 mg/ml of IgG papain digest products, Fab and Fc, decreased B-lymphocyte proliferation. The combination of BASP and either Fab or Fc was observed to have at least an additive anti-proliferative effect. In Experiment 3, 0.01 mg/ml of either rabbit or chicken IgG, or 1.0 mg/ml of rabbit or 0.01 mg/ml of chicken Fab, Fc, and the pepsin digestion product F(ab')(2) was observed to have an anti-proliferative effect. No combined effects of BASP and IgG or IgG digest products were observed for this experiment. In Experiment 4, 12 mg/ml of chicken egg yolk IgG or 1.2 mg/ml Fab was found to suppress B-lymphocyte proliferation. Additionally, an additive effect of 12 mg/ml of IgG with BASP was again observed. The present studies suggest that IgG and its digestion products reduce phorbol-stimulated B-lymphocyte proliferation in vitro and combined treatment with IgG and BASP may have at least an additive anti-proliferative effect on B-lymphocyte proliferation.
Author Address

Departments of Poultry Science and Veterinary Pathobiology, Texas A&M University, TX 77843, College Station, USA.

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