De Ceuninck F, Pastoureau P, Agnellet S, Bonnet J, Vanhoutte PM
J Immunol Methods 2001 Jun 252:153-61
An indirect competition immunoassay for the quantification of YKL-40 (cartilage gp-39, Chondrex) in guinea pig serum has been developed using egg yolk antibodies (IgY). The immune response of hens to YKL-40 was verified by immunoblot analyses. Highly specific antibodies were obtained 30 days after the first injection. The ELISA was developed in 96-well microtiter plates with quadruplicate determinations for each point. The assay was based on the ability of YKL-40 present in serum to displace the binding of antibodies to the coated antigen. An inhibition mixture containing standard YKL-40 or guinea pig serum, diluted 1/5, and primary antibodies, diluted 1/5000, was allowed to equilibrate for 2 h at room temperature and dispensed for 16 h at 4 degrees C in wells coated with 1 &mgr;g/ml of YKL-40. Detection was achieved by the addition of rabbit anti-chicken antibodies conjugated to peroxidase followed by tetramethylbenzidine. Specificity was assessed by parallelism between a dilution curve of serum and standard YKL-40. The sensitivity of detection was 10 ng/ml. Intra- and interassay coefficients of variation were both 8.7%. The analytical recovery was 101.5+/-5.4% (mean+/-standard deviation (SD), n=9). The YKL-40 concentration in serum from 12 adult guinea pigs was 330+/-216 ng/ml (mean+/-SD) with a lower value of 164 ng/ml and an upper value of 982 ng/ml. In contrast to the rat, a dilution curve of rabbit serum gave parallelism with the guinea pig standard, suggesting recognition of a similar epitope. Possible applications of the assay in the guinea pig include disease models where YKL-40 is overexpressed and could be used as a marker, i.e. osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, liver fibrosis, atherosclerosis and more generally, pathologies with increased tissue remodeling.
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