Bandow, JE. Proteomics. 2010. 10(7):1416-25. Feb 1. [Epub ahead of print]
Biology of Microorganisms, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
Efforts to discover protein biomarkers in plasma are hampered by the high abundance of few proteins, which interfere with the detection of low abundant proteins. Different commercially available protein partitioning products were tested for their ability to lower the detection limit of proteins in 2D gels. Immuno-depletion using polyclonal antibodies raised against the proteins of highest abundance (Seppro IgY14 System) was compared to a two-step immuno-depletion strategy, where depletion with the Seppro IgY14 column was followed by depletion with the Seppro IgY-SuperMix System. The third strategy tested was protein pre-fractionation using the ProteoMiner kit, where proteins compete for binding sites on bead-bound peptide hexamers with different binding properties. The pre-fractionated protein samples were analyzed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, which revealed stunning differences in protein patterns. However, detectable protein spots in the different plasma fractions contained exclusively high abundant proteins normally present in plasma at concentrations between 1 mug and 40 mg/ml.
PMID: 20127685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]